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Brain Injury & Behavioral Dyscontrol: Impact of Cognitive Deficits

presented by Robert Karol

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Behavioral dyscontrol refers to manifestations of inappropriate conduct. It includes noncompliance/nonadherence, physical aggression, verbal aggression/threats, sexual inappropriateness, poor safety/judgment, elopement, wandering, making demands/being manipulative, hoarding, social withdrawal, self-injurious behavior, suicidal ideation/behavior, somatic complaints, unawareness of deficits, hallucinations/delusions, etc.

Cognitive deficits often underlie behavioral dyscontrol after brain injury. Knowledge of cognitive deficits after brain injury is essential for successful treatment. Such knowledge entails understanding cognitive variables and their behavioral implications, how to assess cognitive functions, and deficits likely to be problematic based on key brain regions. The goal of this course is to describe cognitive functions, their assessment, and the patterns of dyscontrol stemming from common regions of brain injury. This course is Part 1 of a four-part series of courses on behavioral dyscontrol following brain injury.

As with all courses in this series, the material presented is applicable to all disciplines, including Nursing staff (Nurses/Nursing Assistants/Personal Care Attendants), therapists (Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Speech-Language Pathologists, Recreational Therapists, Music Therapists, Art Therapists, Dieticians/Nutritionists, etc.), Psychologists/Rehabilitation Psychologists/Neuropsychologists, Counselors, Physicians, etc., because [1] behavioral dyscontrol can interfere with the provision of treatment by any discipline, [2] the information provided in these courses can be applied by all disciplines, and [3] the treatment of behavioral dyscontrol requires everyone on a team to participate. Moreover, the information and techniques described are applicable in diverse settings: hospitals (Acute Care Hospitals/Rehabilitation Hospitals/Long-Term Care Acute Hospitals—LTACHS, State Hospitals), nursing homes, group homes, assisted living sites, vocational programs, etc.

Meet Your Instructor

  • Robert Karol, Ph.D., LP, ABPP-RP, CBIST

    Dr. Karol is President of a group private practice, Karol Neuropsychological Services & Consulting, in Minneapolis, that specializes in counseling for persons with brain injury and other disabilities, neuropsychological and rehabilitation evaluations, program development consultation for organizations, workshops & staff training, and case consultation for providers, insurers, and attorneys. Dr. Karol has also recently served as Vice President of Brain Injury Services responsible for Brain Injury Services’ programmatic leadership, marketing, and admissions for a provider of long-term care, assisted living facilities, and other services through specialty programs across multiple states. Prior work was as Director of a hospital based behavioral program for people with challenging levels of behavioral dyscontrol who had failed other programs, but were able to return to the community through his program. Dr. Karol is Board Certified by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) as a Rehabilitation Psychologist and is Certified by the Academy of Certified Brain Injury Specialists (ACBIS) as a Certified Brain Injury Specialist Trainer (CBIST). He received the American Psychological Association Rehabilitation Division Lifetime Practice Excellence Award in 2015 for “excellence in clinical practice and contributions to the field of rehabilitation psychology.” He is a member of the Minnesota Academy of Medicine. He has authored four books: [1] Neuropsychosocial Intervention: The Practical Treatment of Severe Behavioral Dyscontrol After Acquired Brain Injury published by CRC Press, [2] Overcoming Grief and Loss after Brain Injury and [3] Therapists’ Guide to Grief and Loss after Brain Injury both published by Oxford University Press, and [4] Behavior Plan Workbook: How to Conceptualize and Treat Behaviors after Brain Injury published by Lash and Associates. Other publications include a book chapter Principles of behavioral analysis and modification in Brain Injury Medicine and its revision Principles of behavioral analysis and treatment as well as a chapter, Issues in Consultation, in Practical Psychology in Medical Rehabilitation. He has published an invited article Neurobehavioral Crisis Hospitalization: On the Need to Provide Specialized Hospital Brain Injury Crisis Programming in the Brain Injury Professional and an invited article Team Models in Neurorehabilitation: Structure, Function, and Culture Change in the journal NeuroRehabilitation. He has given more than 350 invited workshops, keynote addresses, seminars, and lectures, and he has conceived and hosted 13 annual conferences at two different hospitals, while serving on the planning committee for over another 30 conferences. He has been a national speaker for both Health Ed and CMI/PESI. He is the American Psychological Association’s Rehabilitation Division 22 Liaison to the Board of Professional Affairs. He has served on the Division 22 Communication Committee and is currently on its Practice Committee and Strategic Planning Task Force. He co-founded the Minnesota Brain Injury Alliance, serving on its Board of Directors for 14 years and he is a past Chairman of the Board. He is currently on its Conference Planning Committee. He is on the Board of Directors of the United States Brain Injury Alliance and its Governance Committee. He has also served on the Education Committee of Care Providers of Minnesota, the state affiliate of the American Health Care Association/ National Center for Assisted Living. He has been on the Mayo Clinic TBI Model Systems Regional Advisory Council. He served for 6 years on the Board of Directors of Accessible Space, Inc., which provides brain injury residential programming. He served on the Advisory Committee of Opportunity Partners’ TBI Metro Services, which provides brain injury vocational services. He has consulted with Vinland Center, which provides chemical health programming for people with brain impairment and at both Karcher Foster Services and Restoration Services of Minnesota, providers of group homes for people with brain injuries. He has advised the Minnesota Department of Human Services regarding brain injury on [1] its Traumatic Brain Injury Program Advisory Committee, and is its senior member and now planning to be its chair-elect, [2] its Neuropsychological Services Ad-Hoc Committee, and [3] its Needs of Adults with Brain Impairment Committee. He served on the Minnesota Department of Corrections Traumatic Brain Injury Expert Advisory Panel and has provided consultation services regarding brain injury to psychologists in the Minnesota Department of Corrections. He has served on the Supreme Court of Minnesota Board of Law Examiners Special Test Accommodation Panel. He has also served on Minnesota Psychological Association committees including Payor Committee, Statewide Referral Service Advisory Committee, and Hospital/Medical Psychology Committee. He is an Adjunct Professor at Argosy University.

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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  1. Brain Regions and the Behavioral Effect of Damage

    1. Brain Regions and the Behavioral Effect of Damage

    Behavioral dyscontrol is often caused by injury to specific brain regions. Moreover, the type of behavior is frequently a function of the brain region injured. To treat behavior, it is essential to understand the effect of injury to different parts of the brain. This chapter will review behavioral symptoms most likely to be observed with injury to key parts of the brain. The goal of this chapter is to provide an understandable guide to the effect of brain injury locations on behavioral dyscontrol.

  2. Cognitive Deficits and Behavioral Dyscontrol

    2. Cognitive Deficits and Behavioral Dyscontrol

    Cognitive deficits often directly lead to behavioral dyscontrol. Such deficits determine how people process information and interactions. Misprocessing causes errors in how persons with brain injury conceptualize the world and drives behavior inconsistent with accepted norms. The goal of this chapter is to explain the behavioral implications of various cognitive deficits.

  3. Cognitive Assessment

    3. Cognitive Assessment

    Because cognitive problems are such a determinant of behavioral dyscontrol, the assessment of cognition is essential for understanding behavior. The principles that underlie cognitive assessment are important to appreciate when implementing or applying cognitive data. The goal of this chapter is to provide insight into how to conceptualize and utilize cognitive assessment.