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History of IDEA and the Requirements of the 2004 Reauthorization

presented by Susan K. Effgen

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Why and how is school-based physical therapy practice different than other pediatric practice settings? School-based physical therapy practice was nationally mandated as a related service starting in 1975 with PL 94-142, The Education for All Handicapped Children Act and presently covered under PL 108-446, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA). Knowledge of this law and its rules and regulations are required for successful school-based practice. This course will cover the history leading up to the first national law and then its reauthorizations. Elements of the law specifically influencing physical therapy practice and services to students with disabilities will be examined.

Meet Your Instructor

  • Susan K. Effgen, PT, PhD, FAPTA

    Susan K. Effgen, PT, PhD, FAPTA, is a professor in the Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of Kentucky. She is an established educator and researcher in pediatric physical therapy and has taught at several universities including the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. In 1986, she established the sixth doctoral program in physical therapy in the United States at Hahnemann University (now Drexel University) in Philadelphia, PA, and then the Rehabilitation Sciences Doctoral Program at the University of Kentucky. She co-founded the Adaptive Learning Center for Infants and Children in Atlanta, GA. Dr. Effgen is a Catherine Worthingham Fellow of American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). As co-chair of APTA’s Section on Pediatrics’ Government Affairs Committee, she was active in the process of the authorization and reauthorizations of IDEA. Dr. Effgen has published extensively, has served on several editorial boards, including Physical Therapy, and edited both editions of the text Meeting the Physical Therapy Needs of Children. She was principle-investigator of a US Department of Education grant: PT COUNTS, Study of the Relationship of Student Outcomes to School-Based Physical Therapy Services. Dr. Effgen received the Section on Pediatrics’ Bud DeHaven Award for Extraordinary Service to the Section and the Section’s Advocacy Award, which is now given in her name. She is the founding chair of the Section’s School-Based Physical Therapy Special Interest Group. She is presently working with an adaptive dance program in a number of Kentucky schools.

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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  1. History of IDEA and the Requirements of the 2004 Reauthorization

    1. History of IDEA and the Requirements of the 2004 Reauthorization

    In chapter one, you will review understanding the social, political, and educational events leading up to the passage of PL 94-142, The Education for All Handicapped Children Act which provides the background necessary to understand the key elements of the law and its reauthorizations.

  2. Getting Down to Business in Schools

    2. Getting Down to Business in Schools

    Chapter two describes the the key elements of PL 108-446, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) which are critical for successful practice in school settings. Therapists must also be aware of the differences between IDEA and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act when considering services for students with disabilities.