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Goal & Target Selection for Early Vocal Development: Children Aged 3-5

presented by Barbara L. Davis

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Financial— Barbara Davis receives compensation from MedBridge for the production of this course. There are no other relevant financial relationships. Nonfinancial— No relevant nonfinancial relationship exists.

Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

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Accreditation Check:
Children between 3-5 years of age identified with developmental speech disorders of all levels of severity are using at least single word language forms to communicate. Their language-based speech forms are likely to exhibit mild, moderate, or severe intelligibility deficits for listeners relative to their lack of achievement of chronological age expectations for speech sound productions. Their speech delay or disorder may be accompanied by other diagnoses (e.g., down syndrome, hearing loss). The clinician’s goal and target selection for planning intervention is critically based on assessment to determine each individual child’s patterns of delay or disorder in producing the speech patterns expected for his/her age. The overall goal of intervention for these pre-school children is to achieve chronologically appropriate age expectations for producing intelligible language-based communication. Goals in intervention are developed related to the intervention approach the clinician feels is most closely matched with the child’s deficits. Targets are developed based on the type of intervention approach selected. Criteria for goal and target selection will be reviewed.

Meet Your Instructor

Barbara L. Davis, PhD, CCC-SLP

Dr. Barbara Davis is the Houston Harte Centennial Professor of Communication Emerita at The University of Texas at Austin. She has also worked as an SLP in public schools, private practice, and at the Texas Department of Health. Dr. Davis has published more than 100 articles and book chapters and two books. Her research and…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Introduction: Goal and Target Selection for Developmental Speech Disorders: Pre-School Children

Pre-school children 3-5 years of age who are diagnosed with speech delay or disorder may show mild, moderate, or severe levels of unintelligibility to listeners relative to expectations for their chronological age. In assessing children relative to choosing goals and targets for intervention, overall goals relative to remediation, prevention, and compensation must first be considered. Relative to choosing goals and targets for direct remediation, client individual factors (e.g., 1) personal factors, 2) speech, language, and hearing factors, or 3) physical, organic, or structural factors must be considered. The status of prior or concurrent treatment must be included relative to choosing goals and targets as well.

2. Critical Components to Choosing Goals and Targets for Intervention

Numerous intervention approaches have been developed for children with developmental speech disorders. In choosing goals and targets for each child, the clinician must address a variety of questions related to the intervention approaches being considered. These include issues related to appropriate target populations and assessment methods. In addition, the theoretical basis of approaches, EBP level of research available and important components based on clinician judgement regarding the basis of the child’s delay or disorder. Finally practical requirements, key components, assessment, progress monitoring of goals and targets selected, as well as accommodations of cultural and linguistic diversity are relevant to choosing goals and targets.

3. Categories of Intervention Available for 3-5 Year Old Children With Developmental Speech Disorders

Types of intervention goals and targets are largely determined by the intervention approach chosen. Interventions fall into several general categories: direct speech interventions (usually directed at phonological knowledge), general interventions (usually directed at language more generally), and motor speech-based interventions (usually focused on phonetic or articulation aspects of the speech production apparatus). Exemplars of each of these intervention approaches will be evaluated relative to their approach to goal and target selection for pre-school children with developmental speech disorders.

More Courses in this Series

Goal & Target Selection for Early Vocal Development: Children Aged 0-3

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Goal & Target Selection for Early Vocal Development: Children Aged 0-3

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Children identified early with significant delay(s) in achieving age-appropriate communication skills are either referred due to significant medical or educational diagnoses evident at birth or referred (likely after 12 months) for delay or disorder evident in their progress in achieving early vocal or social milestones. In the case of vocal delay, a major intervention goal is to assess the child’s prognosis for developing an oral communication system. A second goal is to stimulate the child’s use of oral communication. Target selection must accommodate previously diagnosed (e.g., cleft palate) or identified (e.g., no emergence of vocalizations) capacities. Choosing targets is based on the individual profile of each child. In the case of early medical or social diagnosis, clinicians must be knowledgeable regarding the etiology of the child’s delay/disorder. In the case of developmental delay/disorder, clinicians must be knowledgeable about early vocal milestones in the first year of life when choosing targets.

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