presented by Elizabeth Galik
Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.
Elizabeth Galik, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP
Elizabeth Galik is a Professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing. She received a BSN from the University of Pennsylvania, an MSN from Villanova University, a post-master's Adult Nurse Practitioner Certificate from Johns Hopkins University, and a PhD from the University of Maryland. Her research interest is in developing and testing interventions to…Read full bio
1. Approved and Off-Label Uses of Antipsychotics
This chapter will describe both the approved and “off-label” uses of antipsychotic medications and will review their effectiveness for different psychiatric disorders and conditions, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, delirium, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. This is important, as antipsychotic dose ranges, length of treatment, and potential side effects may vary based on different conditions.
2. How Do Antipsychotics Work and What are the Possible Side Effects?
This chapter will discuss how antipsychotics impact neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine and serotonin. There are numerous potential side effects associated with antipsychotics that may negatively impact the health and function of older adults. Common side effects include sedation, elevated blood sugar, weight gain, and anticholinergic side effects, such as blurry vision, constipation, and orthostasis. Additionally, antipsychotics have also been associated with an increased risk of death among older adults with dementia.
3. Assessment of Drug-Induced Movement Disorders
This chapter will describe drug-induced movement disorders such as Parkinsonism, dystonia, akathisia, and dyskinesias through clinical descriptions and demonstrations. This is important because drug-induced movement disorders negatively impact function, comfort, and quality of life, and in some instances may be non-reversible.
4. Use of Standardized Rating Instruments to Assess Drug-Induced Movement Disorders
This chapter will familiarize you with the accurate assessment of drug-induced movement disorders through the use of standardized rating instruments. You will have the opportunity to practice the use of one of these instruments based on the assessment of a symptomatic patient.